Partiti e autodeterminazione in Südtirol/Alto Adige: competizione etnica e strategie dei partiti tra autonomia e secessione

Matthias Scantamburlo


Dalla chiusura della vertenza sulla «questione sudtirolese» nel 1992, la politica etnica in Alto Adige/Südtirol ha subìto profondi cambiamenti. Il sistema consociativo, implementato per attenuare tendenze centrifughe, da allora ha iniziato a perdere il proprio equilibrio a causa delle pressioni secessioniste provenienti dall’arena intra-etnica tedesca. Adottando una prospettiva strategica verso l’autodeterminazione, il presente contributo analizza l’evoluzione delle strategie dei partiti etnoregionalisti sudtirolesi sulla dimensione territoriale ed europea della competizione elettorale. In linea con le nuove ricerche sulle strategie dei partiti viene dimostrato che i partiti etnici non solo possiedono le capacità strategiche di assumere posizioni riguardo a diverse dimensioni della competizione, ma anche di riformularle in chiave nuova. Mentre la saliente competizione etnica in Sudtirolo ha portato ad un nuovo frame territoriale, il consenso proeuropeo ha assunto le sembianze di un conflitto posizionale.


Since the settlement of the controversy on the «South Tyrol question» in 1992, ethnic politics in Alto Adige/Südtirol has deeply changed. Since then, the compromise system implemented to soften the centrifugal tendencies has begun to lose its balance, due to the pressures for secession coming from the German intra-ethnic arena. Adopting a strategic perspective towards self-determination, the present study analyzes the evolution of the strategies of South Tyrol ethno-regionalist parties with regard to the territorial and European dimension of the electoral competition. In line with the new researches on party strategies, it is shown that ethnic parties not only do possess the strategic ability to take up a position on various aspects of the competition, but they are also able to reformulate them in new terms. While the salient ethnic competition in South Tyrol has led to a new territorial frame, the pro-EU consensus has taken the form of a positional conflict.

Parole chiave

partiti etnoregionalisti; autodeterminazione; Südtirol/Alto Adige; competizione partitica; analisi del contenuto; ethnoregionalist parties; self-determination; South Tyrol; party competition; content analysis

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